In principle, competitors should not, directly or indirectly, agree to limit the quantity or quality of the services they offer. Agreements to limit production or production levels (which would generally lead to price increases in the event of a supply reduction) or agreements to reduce production capacity are illegal. Participation in production or capacity limitation agreements may also be punishable. Similarly, an agreement to limit technological development or to invest in research to improve the quality of products or services can harm competition and be unacceptable to the authorities if it prevents or hinders innovation (although this is not punishable in the UK). Back In Motion Physiotherapy to remove alleged unfair contract terms for franchisees – The ACCC has accepted a short-enforceable undertaking by Back In Motion Physiotherapy Pty Ltd to remove certain terms from its franchisees agreements which it admits may be unfair. Under trade restrictions (…) The Competition Authority (CMA) is the UK`s leading competition authority, although there are a number of industry regulators that are also empowered to apply competition law in their respective sectors. These include the ACF for the financial services sector, Ofgem for electricity and Hydrowat for the water sector. Examples of prohibited or risky practices between a company and its competitors are presented below from the point of view of British and EU competition law. These problems are called “horizontal problems” because they occur between companies operating at the same level in the supply chain. Most horizontal infringements of competition law are considered “physical” offences and are therefore one of the most serious forms of competition infringement.
Under UK law, many of these types of horizontal offences (forms of cartels) are also criminal offences. Other agreements (written or otherwise) that may be anti-competitive depending on the circumstances include: even unilateral disclosure of such strategic information by mail, telephone or telephone or meeting could be considered a violation of this rule. Some EU Member States impose criminal sanctions on their competition legislation.